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Starting a claim (suing someone)

Introduction

Small Claims Court is where disputes worth less than $25,000 are resolved in Ontario. The law governing Small Claims Court proceedings is known as the Rules of the Small Claims Court or the "Small Claims Court Rules" (O. Reg. 258/98).

  • Anyone can sue or be sued in Small Claims Court. You can only sue for money or the return of things valued at $25,000 or less plus interest and costs.
  • Suing in Small Claims Court is a fairly simple and inexpensive process.
  • You do not need to be represented by a lawyer in Small Claims Court.
  • You can represent yourself or you can appoint someone else to act as your agent.
  • You have the right to be represented by a lawyer or paralegal, but if you win, you will probably get back only part of your legal costs.
  • You can use this website or guides prepared by the government to help you fill out the proper court forms.
  • If you can't afford the court filing fees, you can apply for a Fee Waiver to avoid paying most court fees.
  • You can sue even if you only had a verbal agreement with the other party, but it may be more difficult to prove your case.

Learn more

  1. Decide if your legal problem relates to suing someone in Small Claims Court.
  2. Read Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) to learn more about suing someone in Small Claims Court.
  3. Follow the Steps for instructions on suing someone in Small Claims Court.
  4. Review the Resources to find new and in-depth legal information about your problem.
  5. See the Links for news and other helpful websites.

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DisclaimerLast updated 07/30/2009